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英语高频词汇总结

本文摘要:1. costThe ticket cost me ten dollars.(此句中cost用作及物动词,意为“花费”,这是cost的常用法之一。)The cost of living is much higher now than it was two years ago. (此句中cost用作名词,意为“价钱,成本,用度”,这是它的常用法之二。)cost除了以上用法外,另有其它用法。

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1. costThe ticket cost me ten dollars.(此句中cost用作及物动词,意为“花费”,这是cost的常用法之一。)The cost of living is much higher now than it was two years ago. (此句中cost用作名词,意为“价钱,成本,用度”,这是它的常用法之二。)cost除了以上用法外,另有其它用法。如:① Has this project been costed? (cost用作及物动词,意为“估价,预计成本”。

)② I must get the book at all costs. (at all costs意为“无论如何,不惜任何价格”。)③ She saved him from drowning, but at the cost of her own life. (at the cost of sth.意为“以牺牲某事物为价格”。)2. dealTeachers should deal fairly with their pupils. (此句中deal用作不及物动词,常和with连用,意为“看待”,这是deal的常用法。

)deal另有其它用法。如:①She spent a good deal of money on new clothes. (a good deal of意为“许多,大量”后接不行数名词。)②We tried to make sure everyone got a fair deal. (a fair deal意为“公正的待遇”。)③My bank deals in stocks and shares now. (deal in意为“谋划”。

)④The teacher dealt out the test papers to the students. (deal out意为“分发”。)3. interestinterest在课本中的意思为“兴趣”和“使感兴趣”,划分作名词和动词用。

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The money I borrowed from him was repaid with interest.What he did was just to protect his own interests.上面句子中的两个interest都作名词用。作“利息”讲时,为不行数名词;作“利益,利益”讲时,多用复数形式。第一句可译为“我向他借的那笔钱是带息归还的。

”;第二句可译为“他所做的一切仅仅是为了掩护他自己的利益。”4. driveCan you drive a car? (drive用作动词,意思为“开车,驾驶”,是课本中的第一种用法。

)Let’s go for a drive in the country. (drive用作名词,意思为“驱车旅行”,是课本中的第二种用法。)除了以上用法外, drive另有其它用法。如:①The workers carried on a drive for greater efficiency last month. (drive用作名词,意思为“运动”。

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)②There are three buses parked on the drive. (drive用作名词,意思为“车道”。)③Poverty drove the little boy to steal. (drive用作动词,意思为“驱使”。)④I’m sure that I’ve driven my opinion home.(drive sth. home意思为“把……讲透彻,使充实明白”。)⑤Please drive the dog away. (drive sb./sth. away意思为“把……赶跑”。

)5. join v.& n.What club do you want to join?(此句中的join是及物动词,意为“加入,到场”,这是其最常见的用法。)另外它另有其它用法。如:①The two rivers join at the bridge.(此句中的join是不及物动词,意为“汇合,团结,相遇”。

)②The two pieces were stuck together so well that we could hardly see the join.(此句中的join是名词,意为“毗连处,接缝”。)6. dreamdream在课本中有两种用法:用作动词时意思为“做梦,梦到”;用作名词时意思为“梦想,理想”。

dream除了以上用法外,另有以下几种用法。如:Her new dress is an absolute dream. (dream用作名词,意思为“漂亮或优美的人或事物”。)My aunt’s wedding ceremony went like a dream. (go like a dream是牢固短语,意思为“很是顺利,完美”。

)7. knowI’ve known David for 20 years.I hope we have taught our children to know right from wrong.The old man has known both poverty and wealth.know在课本中的意思为“知道,相识”,作动词用。在上面的三个句子中, know都作动词用,第一个know的意思为“认识”;第二个k。


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